Tuesday, September 13, 2022

Pharmacy: What is it?

Pharmacy: What is it?
The word "PHARMAKON," which refers to a medication or medicine, is the foundation of
the pharmacy profession.
Typically, it is a place where pharmaceuticals or medicines are sold.
Art and science of pharmacy are used to create pharmaceuticals that are used to treat
and prevent disease by using a variety of natural and synthetic substances.
In academic and professional settings, pharmacy is defined as the branch of science
concerned with the preparation, dosing, administration, and effects (including safety) of
pharmaceuticals (or medicinal drugs or simply drugs). Pharmacy is the synthesis of
chemistry and the health sciences in the broadest sense.
The origin of the pharmacy profession:
Pharmacology was evolving in the mediaeval Persian and European empires.
Historians claim that the Arabic civilizations were among the first to create a list of
medications and dosage forms (pills, syrups, extracts), as well as to establish the
pharmacist as a licenced healthcare practitioner.
There are influences from the Greek and Arabic cultures in this pharmacy (apothecary).
Professional guilds aided in the education of chemists and pharmacists, leading to the
establishment of formal institutions and organisations.
What is a pharmacist's job?
Often referred to as a DRUGGIST or CHEMIST.
An expert in the safe and efficient use of medicines, a pharmacist is a medical
What are the requirements for a pharmacist to get a job?
Acknowledgement of:
manufacture of drugs
checks for quality control,
discovering the products of deterioration
Proper storage of medications
preparation of the dosage form,
route of administration,
Drug-drug interactions and the effects of medications on diet.
Functions performed by a pharmacist:
Compounding and dispensing the patients' drugs was standard routine.
A pharmacist in the developed world:

a "happy to help person" with proper training.
Filling prescriptions.
provides patients with specialized guidance on the use of drugs.
In Pakistan, you can take courses such as:
Diploma in Pharmacy
Bachelor of Pharmacy
Master of Pharmacy
Master of Science in Pharmacy
Master of Technology in Pharmacy
Doctor of Pharmacy
Doctor of Philosophy in Pharmacy
Combining two degrees, such as a B.Pharm and an MBA or an M.Pharm and an MBA.
For the Public Sector
Pharmaceutical industries
Drugs Inspector
Analyst for the Federal Government
Hospital Pharmacist
Military forces
In the private sector, however,
Pharmaceutical companies, both global and regional
Production units
R&D Units
Quality Assurance
Laboratories (QC)
Clinical Trials
Pharmaceutical Marketing

DEO such as medical writing, coding, etc.
Clinician and hospital pharmacist

Pharmacy majors and minors:
The course will cover a wide range of topics, both major and minor.
Here are the main subjects (or modules) that we cover:
Human Physiology and Anatomy (Human Biology including Patho-physiology)
Pharmaceutical Chemistry (including Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Organic
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry and Medicinal Chemistry)
Pharmaceutics (deals with formulation, drug delivery, drug stability, dosage forms, patient
acceptance etc.)
Pharmacology (study of effects of drugs on human body and biological systems – mixture
of biology, physiology and chemistry; will cover both basic, advanced and clinical
Pharmacognosy (study of medicinal drugs derived from plants; deals with botany, plant
science and phyto-chemistry)
Biochemistry (study of biological reactions within living organisms)
Microbiology (study of micro-organisms like bacteria, virus, protozoa etc.)
Pharmaceutical Technology and Engineering (deals with basic concepts of Chemical
Engineering – e.g. Fluid Dynamics, Process Chemistry and Industrial Processes)
Minor modules or subjects
The following are some of the minor modules or subjects that will be covered:
Hospital Pharmacy
Clinical Pharmacy
Marketing and business administration
Electronics and computer science (or Applications)
technological drawing
advanced mathematics
Pharmaceutical biotechnology
Computational Chemistry

Note: This is not a complete list of minor and elective courses.)
Pharmacy departments
Pharmaceutical chemistry
Pharmaceutical Analysis
Pharmacy Practice

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