Tuesday, September 13, 2022

MUSIC THERAPY

MUSIC THERAPY

A therapeutic field in which music is employed for nonmusical purposes. Musical activities such
as songwriting and improvisation are used by therapists to achieve goals in mobility, cognition,
language and emotional health.
Music therapy is an allied health profession that provides health treatments that aren't often
supplied by doctors or nurses or other medical professionals. Music is a strong and familiar
medium that may be used across the lifetime, from neonatal intensive care units through
elderly homes and hospices. Music therapy can also be used in psychiatric hospitals, prisons,
and drug treatment facilities.
Historical evolution
The oldest musical instrument ever discovered is a bone flute that dates back 42,000 years. For
these and other reasons, music therapy is assumed to have been around for a long time. Music
therapy has been explored and recorded mostly from a Western perspective, though. As a
result, there is a strong Western bias in the therapeutic use of music. Music as Medicine: The
History of Music Therapy was edited by British academic Peregrine Horden. There has been a
distinction made between "first world" music therapy (found in nations such as the United
States and the United Kingdom) and "traditional" or "indigenous" music therapy (found in
countries such as Africa, Asia, and Latin America). There are many instances of indigenous
healing rituals that incorporate music and dance. Music and dancing are often referred to as
the same thing in various African languages.
Understanding the dominant idea of healing and sickness is often crucial to understanding the
use of music as treatment. After a shift in thinking from a belief in divine retribution (disease as
punishment from the gods) to a focus on the physical causes of illness (such as an imbalance of
four bodily fluids), ancient Greek physicians began to believe that music could help restore both
body and soul to a state of harmony. One of the most widely cited philosophers in favor of
music is Plato, who has written extensively on the subject of music.
Music was studied for its physiological effects in the 1800s as the scientific approach became
more refined. In 1789, a paper titled "Music Physically Considered" was the first to be published
on the subject of music therapy (author unknown). Edwin Augustus Atlee and Samuel Mathews
both produced dissertations on the topic in 1804 and 1806, respectively. Atlee and Mathews
trained under Benjamin Rush, an American physician who advocated for the use of music in the
treatment of patients. Blackwell's Island Asylum in New York was the first facility to conduct
music therapy studies on patients in the 19th century.
Post-WWII, the discipline of music therapy saw a spike in activity. To help troops suffering from
post-traumatic stress disorder, American veteran's hospitals recruited musicians (PTSD). As a
result, a college-level curriculum was developed for a professional music therapy practice.

The National Association for Music Therapy (NAMT) was established in 1950, after many
unsuccessful efforts to form a professional organization in the United States. There was a
second organization founded in 1971, the American Association for Music Therapy, with a
distinct approach to practice. The American Music Therapy Association was formed in 1998
with the merger of the two organizations.
In addition, the World Federation of Music Therapy and the European Music Therapy
Confederation were also established in 1985 and 1990, respectively, as organizations dedicated
to music therapy. It was their job to put on conferences and oversee educational activities, as
well as research projects and advocacy efforts. Undergraduate and graduate programme in
music therapy may be found all around the globe. Typically, the clinical phase required more
than 1,000 hours of training.
Clinical Practice
When it comes to music therapy, a wide range of instruments and musical styles are used.
Listening and singing familiar music might be used as an example of intervention. Music is
selected based on the patient's interests and demands. Rhythmically driven music, for example,
may be utilized to enhance gross or fine motor movement if a music therapist is dealing with a
patient who has a movement issue. Sedative music may be used by a music therapist to help a
patient prepare for surgery, childbirth, chemotherapy, or the end-of-life care. Reducing one's
response to everyday stresses may also be achieved via the use of these strategies.
For young children who have not yet learned to speak, music therapy may be a useful
treatment option for autism. To the autistic child, music is a world apart from spoken language
or ambient noises. When children are captivated by music, it may be utilized to help them
develop communication and social skills. Music therapists may help patients with dementia by
bridging the gap between their deteriorating mental abilities and their love of music. A person's
favorite music from their formative years is stored in their brain for as long as they want, even
if the condition has progressed significantly. When a person is feeling worried or agitated or has
to do everyday tasks like washing or dressing, music therapy may help them recall happy
experiences and bring comfort, inspiration, and relaxation.
Music therapists, like other therapists, operate within the framework of a therapeutic
interaction. ' In order to provide the best possible care to patients of any age or ability level,
music therapists are educated in psychology, biology, and neuroscience.
In music therapy, there are several approaches:
Music therapy may be practiced in a variety of ways. Nordoff-Robbins music therapy, for
example, is an improvisational method to treatment that also incorporates the writing of music.
When Paul Nordoff and Clive Robbins were working with children with developmental
problems, they came up with the idea of using music to help them (e.g., intellectual, sensory, or

motor disability). Patients of all ages may benefit from this treatment method, which is widely
used across the globe.
An autistic youngster, for example, may spontaneously vocalize, and these vocalizations might
serve as the foundation for improvised music. When a youngster has the sensation of "being
heard," it captivates them. It is possible for a music therapist to adjust and develop the music
improvisation after attention has been gained in order to encourage the kid to express
themselves vocally or musically in certain ways. An infant's nonverbal communication with his
or her careers is mirrored in the musical background. Taking turns, repeating the other's
output, and building on those products are all essential to the development of speech,
language, and cognition throughout this stage of development.
Neurologic music therapy is a specialization that music therapists might choose to pursue
(NMT). As a neurorehabilitation specialist, you'll learn how to apply scientifically proven
methods to your practice (the recovery of neurologic function). There are a number of
strategies that may be utilized in this approach to help improve cognitive, sensorimotor, and
speech abilities, including auditory perception training and patterned sensory augmentation. A
variety of health care professionals, including physical, occupational, and speech therapists as
well as doctors and nurses, may get training in neurology music therapy at institutions all
around the globe.
Originally developed by Helen Lindquist Bonny, a music therapist in the United States, guided
imagery and music (GIM) is a music-based psychotherapy approach that tries to integrate the
many components of well-being. Patients are guided into an even deeper level of relaxation by
the therapist in sessions. During this time, the patient is encouraged to share his or her
innermost thoughts, emotions, and recollections while listening to specially chosen music.
The use of music therapy in the neonatal critical care unit is also possible (NICU). Premature
newborns benefit greatly from NICU music therapy, a highly specialized field of practice.
Premature newborns may benefit from the systematic use of music therapy in the NICU, such
as improved eating, according to studies. Hospitalization stays may be minimized and costs
slashed by this method.

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